African Violet Plant
Mature Height: 4″-6″
Mature Width: 6″-8″
Classification: Herbaceous Flowering Plant
Flower Color: Pink, Purple, White, Magenta.
Flower Form: Doubles, spotted, outlined, and pinwheel striped
Flowering Season: Day-Neutral Flowering: Flower time based on growth or temperature stimuli.
Foliage Color: Green with small hairs
Light Requirements: Fluorescent to bright indirect
Native Region: Native to Tanzania and adjacent southeastern Kenya in eastern tropical Africa
Water: Always from the bottom, likes to dry out only a little between watering
Does Not Ship to AZ, CA, OR, WA.
African Violet Plants are a classic flowering houseplant that comes in a variety of flower colors, including pink, purple, white, magenta. The flowers can also come as doubles, with spots, outlines, and pinwheel stripes. The leaves are usually fuzzy and are solid dark green but can be found with variegated foliage. They do well under fluorescent lights, but will also do well in a northern or eastern facing windowsill. African Violets Plants are prone to fungal leaf diseases and prefer to be watered from the bottom, by setting the container in a dish of water and allowing it to soak for a while before removing it.
Re-Potting of your African Violet Plant:
Typically experienced growers of African Violet Plants re-pot their plants twice per year. At the very least, an African Violet Plants in 4.5″ Pot should be re-potted whenever the plant becomes root bound or once per year whichever comes first. This process of re-potting an African Violet Plants into a larger pot is called potting up, and if you know what you are doing, it is very easy to do and takes very little time. The actual potting is very simple. Step 1 is to select an appropriate pot and a good potting soil we recommend Espoma Organic African Violet Mix. After you have done this, take the new pot and put enough potting soil at the bottom to allow for the additional pot height. Remember to allow for roughly .5 to .75 of an inch between the top of the soil line and the top of the pot. Now carefully remove your African Violet plants from their original pot. To do this, place your hand over the top of the pot so that the crown of the violet is between your fingers being careful not to damage or squeeze the crown of the plant. Next, turn the plant upside-down. If this does not cause the plant to come out, try inserting a dowel or pencil if your African Violet is extremely root-bound you will need to try sliding a butter knife between the pot and the root ball. However, only do this as a last resort, since the knife can easily damage your African Violet Plants root system. After you have removed the African Violet Plants from their old pots, place the plants into their new pot. Make sure the plant is centered. Now, begin putting potting soil around it until the soil is level with the height of where the root ball will be. The potting soil, which you are adding, should be packed tight enough around the roots of your plant until the root ball does not move within the new pot. Simply, place your African Violet Plants and their new pots into a saucer of water. Allow the Violet to absorb whatever water it needs and, then, let any excess drain away.
Watering your African Violet Plant:
Watering African Violet Plants are not hard as long as you follow these instruction. Keep the soil moist to slightly dry, and allow soil around roots to dry out before watering to encourage blooming. Water from the bottom with room temperature water by placing the pot in a small dish of water, and allowing the plant to absorb the water for no more than thirty minutes. After removing the pot from water allow excess water to drain from the pot for about 10 minutes. Avoid getting water on the leaves as this can cause spotting damage.
Fertilizing African Violet Plant:
Any reputable fertilizer is good.We like to use a water-soluble fertilizer. A balanced fertilizer with close to equal parts of nitrogen (first number), phosphorus (second number), and potash (last number), such as Bonide Liquid African Violet Food, should produce good results. If you are not getting good bloom try a fertilizer with a higher middle number, which will contain more phosphorus, such as Jacks Classic African Violet Fertilizer.
Pruning African Violet Plant:
Pruning African Violet Plants should really be thought of as “Grooming African Violets”. Grooming really comes down to removing spent flower blossoms and stems from the plant after blooming is finished. Removing any damaged or discolored leaves especcially after potting. Damaged leaves can become an entry way into the plant for pathogens (disease). All removal of leaves and flower stems should be done with a clean sharp knife to create a clean cut which will heal over faster. keep an eye out for “suckers”. African Violet Plants prefer to be grown as single crowned plants. Occasionally suckers can be removed and rooted in another pot to build on you collection or create gifts for gardening friends.
An item of interest regarding African Violet Plants:
African Violet Plants have long been associated with mothers and motherhood. For this reason they have been a traditional gift to mothers in many cultures around the world. African violets are also associated with Easter and Valentine’s Day. More information about African Violet Plants can be found by going to the African Violet Society’s Homepage.
History of African Violet:
African violets (or Saintpaulia) are a genus of plants within the Gesneriad family. Discovered in 1892 by Baron von St Paul (hence the botanical name), many species can still be found growing in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Kenya. Though their geography is tropical, most species reside in the mountains, at altitude, and under the cover of other plants. This makes African violets ideal for the indoor home garden or window–requiring only moderate (“room”) temperatures and light. Though many of the native Saintpaulia are now threatened by loss of habitat, millions of their modern descendants are grown throughout the world in homes of collectors and hobbyists. As you’ll see by viewing our site and catalog, modern African violet hybrids can be spectacular and very different from the simple species first discovered more than a century ago. Let them grow! African violets are very easy to grow and bloom, especially for the novice.