How to Grow Roses
Plant Guide

How to Grow Roses

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Known for their timeless beauty, these flowering shrubs are a perfect low-maintenance addition to your garden and are widely beloved by gardeners of all levels across the country. One of their main attractions is the color that they bring to your garden. They come in yellow, pink, white, orange, and red and bloom every 6 weeks from spring to fall. The bright blooms are contrasted by green, serrated foliage.

Roses can be a beautiful addition to interior design if you cut when the petals are starting to open. To keep your roses fresh, place them in a water vase, and change this water daily. Be sure to remove leaf stems that will rest below the waterline.

Selecting the Right Rose for Your Garden

Container roses are easy to plant and establish quickly. In contrast, bare-root plants need to be soaked in water before planting and need extra water while establishing. All plants sold at Garden Goods Direct will come in containers, making planting nearly effortless.

There are so many beautiful varieties of roses to choose from, so you may be tempted to plant a variety in your garden, but this may look a bit unorganized. Roses are outstanding when the same variety is mass planted for a uniform look.

Please see below for the rose varieties offered at garden goods direct:

Types of Rose Bushes Guide

Ground Rules

Rose Bush Lighting Guide

Light

Most roses require full to partial sun for optimal blooms, six to eight hours at least. In hot climates, protect the blooms from direct afternoon sun. In cold climates, it is important to prepare for winter chills. One way to do this is to place your bush next to a fence for added protection.

Sunny Knockout Roses and Red Knockout Roses can bloom with only 3 hours of sunlight.

Rose Bush Watering Guide

Water

Water occasionally to keep the soil moist. Some roses can survive from just rainwater, given it is not a drought season. Otherwise, water your plants once or twice a week, more in hotter climates.

Overwatering shows the same symptoms as underwatering. Flowers may wilt, leaves will turn yellow, and the production of new flower buds will diminish from the lack of oxygen.

Rose Bush Soil Guide

Soil

Rose bushes require moist and well-drained soil. They do not like to sit in especially wet soil, as this can lead to rot.

Rose Bush Food Guide

Food

Roses are heavy feeders and enjoy an addition of organic matter or fertilizer to the soil in spring or early summer. It is best to wait until the bush has fully established before fertilizing; we recommend waiting a season or two. Do not fertilize within 6 weeks of the first frost.

Roses thrive in nutrient-rich soil. One trick is to add coffee grounds to the soil surrounding the plant. Further, this will add some acidity, which roses also love. It is important to note, however, that new coffee grounds are acidic, while used grounds are mainly neutral.

Rose Bush Temperature Guide

Temperature

While most varieties thrive in hardiness zones 5-9, newer cultivars, such as the Knockout Rose, can tolerate zone 3.

Rose Bush Toxicity Guide

Toxicity

Although roses are not extremely toxic to you or your furry friends, they are known to have thorns along the stems that can be a risk for injury.

If thorns are a serious cause for concern, the Drift Rose Collection has less pronounced, or no thorns.

Rose Bush Mulch Guide

Mulch

Maintain 3 inches of mulch in your flower bed to retain moisture and regulate soil temperature. Keep the mulch line about 4 inches from the base of your plant to prevent stem rot.

Planting Process

  1. Unbox, place outdoors in shade, water thoroughly while still in a nursery pot.
  2. Choose a location based on light requirements, soil type, and mature size.
  3. Prepare the soil: dig a hole twice as wide as the root ball but not deeper. The plant’s crown should be ground level.
  4. Place your rose bush in the center and backfill with a 50/50 combination of your existing soil and topsoil or organic compost.You should still be able to see the soil line of the original pot when you are finished planting
  5. Water deeply 3 times a week while roots are being established. Thereafter, water to keep soil moist and according to your climate conditions.
  6. Lightly dress with chemical or organic fertilizer once or twice in early spring. Do not fertilize after August when your plant prepares for dormancy.

When you first receive your rose bush, carefully unbox it and place it in a sunny part of your yard. Your plant has just gone through some shipment shock so it will take a day or two to acclimate to the sunlight again. Make sure you monitor watering carefully while it is still in its nursery pot and before planting so the soil does not dry out completely.

Hopefully, you have already chosen a rose based on your specific planting needs so the next step is to prepare the planting site. Dig a hole twice the size of the container but no deeper. This will give the roots room to outwardly grow.

Place your shrub in the center of the planting hole and backfill with a combination of your existing soil and topsoil, depending on your soil condition. While filling in the soil, allow your soaker hose to trickle into the hole, creating a slurry. This will help the roots to settle and trigger progression. In order to prevent stem rot and allow for air circulation to the plant, the top of the existing soil from your rootball should still be visible after backfilling.

Generally, you should water your new plant 2 or 3 times a week during its growing season. In the peak of summer, a slow and steady trickle is ideal so the water permeates deeper, enabling the root system to grow stronger. A Treegator watering back is the perfect, no hassle way to continuously water your rose bush in the summer.

When is the best time to plant Roses?

How do you prune Rose Bushes?

How do you prevent powdery mildew and blackspot from forming on Rose Bushes?

Types of Roses for Sale at Garden Goods Direct

Common Name Resistance Characteristics Uses Types
Knockout Roses Drought tolerantDisease/pest resistantCold hardy Self-cleaningSignificant thornsNon-fragrant Mass plant to create a borderpairs nicely with larger shrubs, like boxwoods Sunny, Peachy, Coral, Pink, Pink Double, Red Double, Petite
Drift Roses Drought tolerantDisease/pest resistantCold hardy Self-cleaningLess pronounced thornsSome are fragrant Ideal for smaller gardens or plantersworks as a ground-cover Apricot, Coral, Peach, Pink, Popcorn, Red, Sweet, Lemon
Oso Easy Roses Drought tolerantDisease/pest resistantCold hardy Very low maintenancesome varieties are thornlessfragrant Perfect for a small garden or acting as a ground-cover Italian Ice, Lemon Zest, Mango Salsa, Paprika, Double Red, Cherry Pie