Bloom Calendar for Flowering Shrubs, Trees, and Perennials
It's finally May and all of April's rain, mud, and surprisingly chilly weather is finally paying off in the form of beautiful blossoms blooming across the landscape. Every year, I look forward to the moment that the Daffodils peek their way out of the cold winter earth as the first sign of spring which, to many, signifies a brand new year. Between then and now, however, feels like a season in itself; no longer winter but not quite spring. Once May Day arrives in the mild winter climates, it feels like we have finally made it to the most colorful, shockingly green, and magical time of the year. On our farm, the plants are healthy and lush, lined up in their nursery pots as if to say, we are ready for our new homes. It is quite the sight to see watching our farmers work lovingly around the clock to prepare these plants for transport all across the country. Many of our outdoor plants are in full bloom while others are on the brink of bursting from their buds. Blooming season is in full swing so we prepared a guide for you to know when to expect your trees, shrubs, and perennials to bloom. - Woodie
Early Spring Bloomers
More often than not, Cercis canadensis is the first tree to bloom! The delicate pink flowers cover the long branches even before the leaves emerge. The Redbud holds a strong place in American history as Native Americans used their wood to create their bows.
This is one of my favorite flowering shrubs and is a sight for sore eyes. I sometimes see Forsythia bloom in late winter when there's still a bite in the air. I love its twiggy habit and the sight of the sun catching those beautiful golden yellow blooms. The color yellow brings warmth, cheer, and mental clarity so surrounding yourself with Forsythia is sure to brighten your mood.
Mid Spring Bloomers
Dogwood is one of the most beloved flowering trees of all time. Rich with symbolism, the flowering Dogwood tells a tale that dates back centuries. It is said it was once a mighty tree, taller than sturdy Oaks, Cedars, and Walnut trees and its wood was used to fashion the crucifix of Jesus Christ. It is said that Jesus felt the pain of the Dogwood and made it so it could never be used for that purpose again. Shrinking in size and donning flowers with four petals to symbolize the cross, the Dogwood will forever be remembered as a symbol of love and sacrifice.
The light, fluffy pink blooms of this cherry tree bring crowds from around the world to Washington, D.C.'s Tidal Basin. They are the highlight of the Cherry Blossom Festival and it seems that almost as soon as their blooms arrive, they begin to shed, symbolizing the fleeting nature of life.
Where do I begin? Lilac shrubs have the sweetest and most delightful fragrance, making them virtually impossible to miss on an evening stroll in springtime. Their delicate and sweet fragrant flowers are a pollinator magnet and the blooming Lilac is synonymous to the sound of buzzing. Their history dates back to Greek mythology as their botanical name, Syringa, was the name of a beautiful Greek nymph who symbolizes first love and innocence.
These flowers will stop you dead in your tracks. Upon closer examination, that initial glimpse of blue reveals a combination of periwinkle and purple reminiscent of a watercolor painting. Their trumpet shape blooms are unmistakable and make them perfect for a woodland or cottage garden.
Gifted to the United States from Japan a century ago, the Yoshino Cherry Tree lines Washington D.C.'s Tidal Basin, drawing crowds from near and far for a spectacle to remember.
Late Spring Bloomers
Azalea shrubs are a garden staple and are well-loved for their variety of colors. Their ruffled blooms last multiple seasons and are a popular choice for front lawn gardens, adding curb appeal to a property.
This flowering perennial will attract everyone's favorite summertime pollinator to your garden - the hummingbird.
Sunny flowerbeds made up of Creeping Phlox perennials create a carpet of bright color and delicate texture.
The snow white, lace-cap blossoms of viburnum cover this flowering deciduous shrub in dense clusters.
Honeysuckle is everyone's favorite flowering shrub. The sweet smell and taste makes Honeysuckle a staple for the wild rustic or cottage landscape.
Mountain Laurel is a symbol of achievement. In ancient Greece, poets, athletes, and warriors would receive wreaths made of the blooms and branches of Mountain Laurel to honor their perseverance and strength.
The full, fluffy petals of peonies make them one of the trendiest perennials of 2020. They are very popular for use in bouquets.
All azaleas are rhododendrons but not all rhododendrons are azaleas. One of the main differences is that the rhododendron shrub is evergreen whereas azalea is often deciduous and sheds its leaves every year. Rhododendrons are also typically larger in size at maturity.
Fossil evidence dates the Rose back to 35 million years old, making them one of the most culturally significant flowers of all time. Rosa has been the subject of thousands of paintings and is the most universally recognized symbol of love and devotion.
These flowers are absolute garden treasures, prompting cultivar competitions far and white. Its bloom fills the gap between the early spring bloomers and the summer burst of color.
Early Summer Bloomers
Rudbeckia was designated Maryland's state flower over a century ago, making it one of the most adored perennials at our farm in Bowie, Maryland. As garden staples, they are extremely hardy and can grow up to three feet tall.
Despite their name, Daylilies (Hemerocallis) are not actually lilies. Bred for their stunning flowers, horticulturists love the Daylily for their long bloom time that last all the way to first frost.
Loved around the world for their dense flower clusters and long bloom time, Hydrangeas are sure to enhance the curb appeal of your home. They are extremely popular for flower arrangements and their dried branches add a rustic feel to your home interior.
Reminiscent of the French countryside, Lavender cultivation dates back thousands of years. The Romans were first to create essential oils out of lavender, adding them to their baths, brushing the oil through their hair, and soaking their clothes for the fresh smell. Lavender is a must for the rustic and cottage garden and dried lavender bouquets are a wonderful adornment to any home.
Hummingbirds love the fragrant blooms of Penstemon! They love full sun and their tall spiked blooms stand out in rock gardens and flower beds.
Also known as Wood Sage, Salvia May Night is a flowering perennial that blooms prolific spikes of purple-blue flowers. Popular for dried flower arrangements are potpourris, this wildflower is a garden must-have.
Our Verbana Homestead Purple Plants produce beautiful purple blooms but Verbena is also well known for its medicinal uses. Popular for use in treating respiratory illnesses and sore throats, verbena has been said to reduce inflammation.
Mid Summer Bloomers
Liatris produces fluffy purple spikes of flowers every summer. This native perennial is most at home in meadow gardens.
Echinacea is a purple native wildflower that is a cottage or rustic garden staple in Maryland, often planted beside the Black Eyed Susan. As a popular ingredient for cold medicines, many people believe echinacea has immune-boosting capabilities.
This semi-woody perennial is known for its charming display of hazy soft blue and aromatic foliage.
Late Summer Bloomers
As far as pollinator magnets go, Butterfly Bush takes the cake. Its cones of densely packed purple or pink blooms attract butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators.
The nectar of Caryopteris attracts hummingbirds and pollinators but Bluebeard is also known for its use in treating arthritis, bronchitis, and eczema.
This has been the South's favorite shrub for years. Crape Myrtles are very adaptable and easy to care for and the dwarf varieties can even be used for container plantings. Most well known for the red and pink blooms, we have a wide variety of Crape Myrtle cultivars to choose from.