You may have heard of bergamot tea or a perfume with hints of bergamot, but what about seeing the plant itself? Wild Bergamot is a Missouri native that is known for growing along roads or across the sweeping plains famous in Missouri. Grow this plant at home for an attractive pollinator plant, and if you're creative enough, you can create your own teas and perfumes too!
Wild bergamot, or Monarda fistulosa, comes from the dry, rocky soils of the prairies in the mid-western united states. Monarda is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial that produces wild-looking lavender flowers formed on sturdy stems. The flowers of Wild Bergamot rest upon showy, pinkish leaf bracts. Bees, butterflies, and even hummingbirds love wild bergamot as people do. This is the monarda plant for the native plant purest that prefers straight species rather than the cultivars.
2 to 4 Feet
2 to 3 Feet
Full Sun to Part Shade
Upright, clump forming
July to September
Prefers dry, average to sandy soil
Water well until established.
Extremely attractive when used as a focal point in the mixed border, mass planting. Attracts pollinators and hummingbirds.
How to Care for Wild Bergamot
Be sure to read our planting instructions to ensure a healthy and happy plant for years to come!
Frequently Asked questions
How do I water Wild Bergamot?
After back filling and lightly compacting the 50/50 mix of existing soil and compost give the Wild Bergamot a good deep watering. This is not to be rushed. Most of the water you put on the plant at first will run away from the plant until the soil is soaked. A general rule of thumb is to count to 5 for every one gallon of pot size. For example a one gallon pot would be watered until you count to 5 a three gallon pot would be 15 and so on. Check the plant daily for the first week or so and then every other day there after. Water using the counting method for the first few weeks.
How do I fertilize Wild Bergamot?
Feeding your plants is probably the single most forgotten part of growing healthy long lasting plants. We recommend feeding your Wild Bergamot in the very early spring and again in mid summer after all new growth has hardened off and it begins to set flower buds. Bio-tone starter fertilizer is the best product to use at the time of planting. Our ideal fertilizer schedule for you to use is as follows. Apply an early spring fertilizer with a product such as Espoma Flower-tone at the recommended rate this will give the plant a boost of nitrogen potash that will be needed for healthy foliage and stem growth. Follow this up with another early summer application of Espoma Flower-Tone, this will again provide the necessary nutrients to promote a flush of beautiful flowers. Espoma products are easy to use, just sprinkle around the base of the plant and water it in. Be careful with products such as miracle-grow as these products can burn newly planted plants when not used at the recommended rates. Slow-release fertilizer can help prevent rapid soft growth that is vulnerable to diseases and insects.
How do I mulch Wild Bergamot?
We highly recommend that you mulch your Wild Bergamot with either a ground hardwood mulch or a ground cypress mulch depending on your local availability. Any type of mulch will do but cypress or hardwood mulch will be of a higher quality and provide better nutrition overall as they breakdown. Mulching helps to keep weeds away which will compete with your new investment for water and nutrients. A 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch is sufficient but remember to take care not to cover any part of the stem of the plant with mulch. Its better to leave a one inch gap of space between the mulch and the stem or base of the plant.