Selling Points: The Eastern White Pine is a dense stout pyramidal tree. This fast growing evergreen tree is excellent for use as a windbreak.
Growing Zone: 3-8
Mature Height: 50-80 feet
Mature Width: 25-30 feet
Sunlight: Full Sun
Water Requirements: Avg. Soil
Does Not Ship To: CA, WA, OR, AZ
The Eastern White Pine is a fast growing (2-3 ft per year or more) evergreen that has needles from 3-6 inches long and in bundles of five on the stem. In September and October, this pine “sheds “all of its needles that grew out the previous year. This is normal and is actually a sign of a healthy white pine. These needles make excellent mulch and can be either left in place or raked up and used to mulch other acid loving plants. When grown in the open its branches extend to the ground, when grown in windbreaks they usually lose these lower branches, which is common in the pine family. It is a native of northern third of the US extending as far south as the Georgia mountains.
It will grow up to 8 feet tall and 25 feet or more wide, its large spreading root system allows the white pine to stand up to high winds with no issues, but its branches are slightly brittle and can be damaged by snow, ice, and high windstorms. It can live over 100 years in windbreaks. In well-drained, moist soil this species will outgrow any other evergreen that can be planted there, and a 20 year old tree can be 40 ft tall.
It will grow well in hardiness zones from 3-8 and will grow quite fast in most soils. It prefers a well-drained soil and does not like to have its roots too wet. The White Pine can grow well in sandy conditions where the spruce would not do as well. It is quite adaptable to dryer sites if not planted to closely together.
A 2ft tall potted White Pine tree can be over 12 ft tall in 5 years, in good soil, with adequate moisture and total weed and grass control. Spacing–single row -16 ft apart, Double row -2ft between rows and plants, multiple rows -22ft or more between trees and rows.
The White pine tree is a recommended windbreak tree with its fast growth and adaptability. On a several row windbreak use other types of trees along with this one to add to the visual appeal. It can be mixed with other evergreens to add a beautiful mix of colors and textures.
Planting: Never plant trees or shrubs deeper than originally planted in the pot. Doing so can cause rotting of the stem and death to the plant. Most plants are very drought tolerant; however they grow very slow without adequate water. The one question that comes up often, “when is the best time to plant.”? For the most part, container trees and shrubs can be planted year around, provided the ground isn’t frozen. Below Virginia many nurseries and landscapers plant year around, weather permitting. When planting a potted tree or shrub, remember the only water source the plant has, is its small root ball, and all the water the plant uses must come from there until new roots can grow into the surrounding soil. New trees and shrubs should be watered twice weekly (Minimum), and under hot conditions possibly more. Care should be taken not to over water. More trees die from over watering than under. Water smart, check the soil moisture by inserting your finger into the loose soil surrounding the root ball and feel for moisture.
Fertilizing: We recommend when planting your plants to use Bio-tone starter fertilizer by Espoma. We have trialed many so called “starter fertilizers” over the years and have come to rely on Bio-tone for our own use. Simply mix the recommended amount of Bio-tone into the backfill soil and water in generously when backfilled. Bio-tone® Starter Plus is an all-natural plant food that is combined with a stronger concentration of our beneficial bacteria along with both endo and ecto mycorrhizae. Basically the “good” fungus in Bio-tone colonizes on the growing roots of your newly planted plant and does not allow disease causing fungus to attack the new roots. It has also shown promise in stimulating the growth of the new roots which means quicker establishment for you plant. After the first season we recommend fertilizing your plants with a timed release fertilizer such as Holly-tone which is specially formulated for acid loving plants such as White Pine.