Arrowhead Plant has distinctive heart shaped leaves with green and white foliage. These plants perform well in terrariums, as they can handle staying constantly moist in a container that doesn’t drain. In fact, they can be grown in water without soil. Arrowhead Plant handles very low light levels, from fluorescent light to some bright indirect. Too much light will burn the foliage. As the plants reach maturity, they will start to develop a vining habit and could be trained to go up a trellis or structure, or even managed and kept as a compact, bushy houseplant. Arrowhead Plant tends to grow more slowly than other houseplants.
Growing Zone: 9-11
Mature Height: 6″ – 8″
Mature Width: 8″ – 12″
Classification: Colorful Foliage
Sunlight: Fluorescent to bright, indirect light
Flower Color: Does not flower indoors (white spathe)
Foliage: Green and white
Soil Condition: Regular potting mix
Water Require: Likes to stay moist
Uses: Does well in terrariums or mixed containers
Does Not Ship To: AK, AZ, CA, HI, OR, WA
Arrowhead Plant is content in very small containers, and usually has disproportionately more foliage growth compared to root growth. The heart shaped leaves are mixed white and green, and the plant takes on a vining habit once it reaches maturity. Thankfully if a compact bushy plant is preferred, Arrowhead Plant can be trained to stay small and compact. This plant does well in terrariums or fairy gardens in containers that don’t drain. Alternately, it can also be grown in water culture without soil. Arrowhead Plant is an extremely low light plant, and does well in offices and locations with fluorescent light to bright, indirect light.
Light Requirement of Arrowhead Plant:
Arrowhead Plant performs well in fluorescent light like office buildings or atriums or anywhere away from direct light. They can handle the bright, indirect light found in a northern or partially shaded eastern windowsill. Western or southern exposure would work as long as the plant is away from the window or the window is well shaded.
Watering Arrowhead Plant:
Arrowhead Plant likes to stay consistently moist, not too wet or too dry. They recover from drying out. They prefer higher humidity locations like kitchens or bathrooms; if conditions are too dry, the leaf tips will start to dry out and brown.
Fertilizing Arrowhead Plant:
In general, Arrowhead Plants do not require fertilizer. Fertilizer is recommended only for mature plants to contribute to new growth.
Any all purpose, foliage fertilizer will work for Arrowhead Plant. Indoor houseplant fertilizers fall into two groups: water soluble, liquid quick release, and granular, slow release fertilizers. Jack’s Classic Indoor plant food works well as a powder, quick release fertilizer that is mixed with water to quickly provide nutrients to a plant that has been in a container for an extended time. On the other hand, Biotone Starter or Osmocote Indoor/Outdoor is an option as a granular, slow release fertilizer that can be applied while potting and planting. Any type of fertilizer offers nutrients that help plants with the transition to a new environment. All of these fertilizers may be used when planting Arrowhead Plant indoors or outdoors.
Best Growing Soil for Arrowhead Plant:
Arrowhead does best in soil that stays moist. It can be useful to add some Soil Moist to the potting mix that’s used so the soil doesn’t dry out and compact. Another option is using a potting mix designed for African Violets, such as Espoma Organic African Violet Potting Mix, which is peat moss based and designed to hold moisture for extended periods.
Arrowhead also does well if grown exclusively in water without soil.
History and Naming of Arrowhead Plant:
Native to Latin America, Arrowhead Plant does well as a hanging basket, terrarium plant or houseplant. According to the Smithsonian Herbarium, Arrowhead Plant was first recorded in a collection in Cuba in 1953. The green and white foliage changes shape slightly as the plant matures from more pointed and arrow shaped to more rounded, lobe shaped leaves. The plant normally grows as a vine, but can be trained to stay compact and bushy. The cuttings can be rooted and planted, and is the easiest way to propagate Arrowhead. Both the compact, bushy start and the vine are immature stages of the plant; the mature version in the wild has a palmate leaf shape (5 or more smaller leaves that conjoin at a single point) and grows more than 3 feet long up tree trunks or other structures. The flower only appears where the plant is hardy, and looks similar to a peace lily or chinese evergreen, with a spathe and spadix.
Syngonium podophyllum is the Latin name for Arrowhead Plant. Syngonium comes from the Greek syn (with, together) and goné (womb), referring to the united ovaries, while podophyllum means thick or stout leaf or petiole.