American Chestnut Tree Dunstan
Growing Zone: 6 – 9
Mature Height: 40 to 60 feet
Mature width: 25 to 30 feet
Classification: Broad Leaved deciduous tree
Sunlight: Full Sun
Habit: Upright, umbrella shaped canopy.
Foliage: Dark Green
Flower Color: Inconspicuous
Pruning Season: No pruning needed.
Soil Condition: Any well drained soil
Water Require: Water well until established.
Uses: Tolerates moist soil and full sun. Full sun brings out the best fall color. Will adapt to drier sites.
Does Not Ship To: CA, WA, OR, AZ
Ever wonder what happened to the American Chestnut Tree? Once beautiful, majestic and abundant. For thousands of years, the American Chestnut tree thrived in our forests and covered huge tracts of land across the eastern United States. It was said a squirrel could climb a tree on the Atlantic coast and not touch ground until it reached the Mississippi River.
The Chestnut was the dominant tree in America’s eastern forests until an Asian blight wiped them out in the early 1900’s. Until recently, you’d be hard pressed to find a single tree.
Well, we’re bringing ’em back. Introducing the Dunstan Chestnut Tree! After decades of crossbreeding, this blight resistant cultivar is here. Be a part of restoring this American tradition for years to come.
Planting American Chestnut Tree Dunstan Tree:
We suggest when planting your newly purchased American Chestnut Tree Dunstan plants that you dig a hole twice as wide as the root system but not deeper. Depending on the quality of your existing soil you may need to add a locally sourced compost or topsoil to the back-fill soil. We do not recommend using straight topsoil or compost as a back-fill soil because more times than not these products will retain entirely to much moisture and will cause the root system to rot. Adding compost or topsoil will help the young feeder roots of American Chestnut Tree Dunstan to spread through the loose, nutrient rich soil, much easier than if you used solely the existing soil which more times than not will be hard and compacted. The most common cause of plant death after transplanting is planting the new plant to deep. That is why we do not recommend planting in a hole any deeper than the soil line of the plant in the pot. A good rule is that you should still be able to see the soil the plant was grown in after back-filling the hole.
Watering American Chestnut Tree Dunstan:
After back filling and lightly compacting the 50/50 mix of existing soil and compost give the American Chestnut Tree Dunstan a good deep watering. This is not to be rushed. Most of the water you put on the plant at first will run away from the plant until the soil is soaked. A general rule of thumb is to count to 5 for every one gallon of pot size. For example a one gallon pot would be watered until you count to 5 a three gallon pot would be 15 and so on. Check the plant daily for the first week or so and then every other day there after. Water using the counting method for the first few weeks.
Fertilizing American Chestnut Tree Dunstan:
Trees such as American Chestnut Tree Dunstan grow best if they are fertilized lightly in the spring once frost has passed with a well-balanced, extended-release, fertilizer such as espoma Tree-tone. Fertilize Chestnut Tree Dunstan again 6 to 8 weeks later to encourage denser foliage or faster growth of young trees.
Either chemical fertilizers or organic matter can be used successfully with Chestnut Tree Dunstan. Since an organic method of applying manure and/or compost around the roots, produces excellent results and also improves the condition of the soil, this would be an excellent first line of attack. Organic additions to the soil can also be combined with a shot of chemical fertilizer for maximum effect.
If chemical fertilizers are used on your American Chestnut Tree Dunstan, applying a slow-release, balanced fertilizer once a year is probably the simplest solution. There are many slow-release fertilizers on the market. If you can find a fertilizer formulated for shrubs and trees, this fertilizer would work well on American Chestnut Tree Dunstan. However, slow-release is certainly not the only way to fertilizer trees such as the American Chestnut Tree Dunstan . A less expensive fast release fertilizer such as a 10-10-10 will work just as well if applied twice during the early spring and early summer. If you are looking for a fertilizing routine tailored to your specific conditions, a soil sample should be taken and the fertilizer and trace elements matched to the needs of your soil.
Don’t fertilize American Chestnut Tree Dunstan after August. Fall is the time for plants to begin preparing for dormancy. Fertilizing at this time may stimulate new growth that will be too tender to withstand the winter. In the South, a late May application and another in July would be about right. More northern areas may wish to fertilize only once in June or July.
The amount of chemical fertilizer used per plant will vary with the size of the plant and it’s root system. (Use less fertilizer for gardenias in a container.) Over-fertilization can be much more detrimental than under-fertilization. “Fertilizer burn” can occur when too much fertilizer is applied, resulting in a drying out of the roots and damage or even death of the American Chestnut Tree Dunstan.It is much, much better to err on the side of too little fertilizer than too much. When roots are burned, the first sign is often scorched looking leaves. If over-fertilization is severe, the plant may just wilt and die.
If you are a beginner at growing plants American Chestnut Tree Dunstan is very easy to grow however it may be helpful to know that a very small plant which is planted in the ground will take about 1/8 – 1/4 cup of fertilizer. A very large tree in the ground will take 2 – 3 lbs spread around the drip line of the branches (not next to the trunk). This is a very loose estimate, so please read the directions on the fertilizer before applying it.
Never fertilize a plant with a chemical fertilizer if the plant looks sick or wilted. If a plant is struggling due to a disease or root problems, the fertilizer will only add stress to it’s life. Try to cure the problem before adding fertilizer.
When looking at most fertilizers, they are described by three numbers on the bag. An example would be 10-10-10 or 12-4-8. The first of these three numbers refers to Nitrogen, which is the primary element necessary for good, balanced growth within the American Chestnut Tree Dunstan. Plants that are deficient in Nitrogen are usually not growing vigorously, and sometimes exhibit pale colored foliage as in the case of gardenia’s. Not all Nitrogen deficiencies result in stunted growth. Sometimes, the growth is taller and longer with less than desirable branching when Nitrogen is deficient. The second number in the fertilizer equation is representative of Phosphorus. A deficiency of Phosphorus may affect the energy transfer in the plant, and result in stunted growth as well. Also, plants with insufficient amounts of Phosphorus may have poorer root systems. Potassium is the element represented by the third number on the fertilizer bag. Plants that are deficient in Potassium, are usually growing more slowly than normal, have fewer flowers and seed, and are more susceptible to disease than plants with adequate levels of Potassium. Although the three elements just mentioned are the major elements necessary for good plant performance, there some minor elements that are just as important in consideration of tree nutrition.
Minor elements that are not included in the three numbers listing on the front of fertilizer bags are very important considerations when choosing your gardenia fertilizer. Elements such as Magnesium, Sulfur, Calcium, Iron, Manganese, Copper, Zinc, Boron, and Molybdenum play very important roles in providing American Chestnut Tree Dunstan with adequate nutrition. Many times, less expensive fertilizers are sold that contain only the major elements needed, but not the minor elements. Always be sure to look on the fertilizer label on the back of the bag to see exactly what is included in the fertilizer.
When you have selected your fertilizer and are ready to apply it, be sure to rake your mulch back to the drip line of each plant. Apply the fertilizer according to the label directions immediately on top of the soil, and be sure to water the plant thoroughly after the application. You can then rake the mulch back around the base of the Chestnut Tree Dunstan. Although it is tempting to spend less time by not raking the mulch back during fertilization, the results will be less than desirable, if the fertilizer is applied on top of the mulch.
Proper fertilization of your Chestnut Tree Dunstan will lead to healthier and more disease resistant plants, as well as provide you with many more enjoyable blooms. Always, read the label on your fertilizer bag, and follow the instructions.
Mulching American Chestnut Tree Dunstan:
We highly recommend that you mulch your American Chestnut Tree Dunstan with either a ground hardwood mulch or a ground cypress mulch depending on your local availability. Any type of mulch will do but cypress or hardwood mulch will be of a higher quality and provide better nutrition overall as they breakdown. Mulching helps to keep weeds away which will compete with your new investment for water and nutrients. A 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch is sufficient but remember to take care not to cover any part of the stem of the plant with mulch. Its better to leave a one inch gap of space between the mulch and the stem or trunk of the plant.
Pruning American Chestnut Tree Dunstan :
In general gardening terms, pruning is probably the most misunderstood gardening chore, and certainly, the chore that is most likely neglected. When we specifically look at pruning with regards to trees, this misunderstanding and negligence can be magnified.
Pruning has been described as a “combination of art and science.” I find pruning to be one of the most relaxing yet rewarding chores in the garden. Pruning a specific plant to look a specific way, involves art in creating a unique definition for a specific plant, and it involves science in understanding the physical growing habits of the plant to be pruned.
The most important reason for pruning tree is to improve the overall health of the plant which in turn will reward you with a plethora of huge fruit. Many times, trees that have not been pruned in a few years will develop dead or degenerative twigs. Removing the dead and dying limbs will minimize the possibility of diseases such as “dieback” and will also allow the plant to re-concentrate its energies and produce flowers.
It is important to always use sharp tools when pruning American Chestnut Tree Dunstan or any plant for that matter. Knives, hand cutters, saws, and shears should be sharpened if necessary before pruning any plant. A sharp cut will heal quicker than a jagged cut, which will also minimize the likelihood of disease investing a cut during pruning. It is generally recommended to not use power equipment such as gas hedgers to prune gardenias.
Pruning large American Chestnut Tree Dunstan may be minor or major. Its general purpose is to maintain or restore vigor to the plant. Large Chinese Pistache Tree that have been severely pruned have the advantage of a large root system that has excessive capacity, and its roots are capable of supplying all of its energies to a smaller number of branches and foliage. This enables the plant to increase its vigor, and become healthier. Pruning large American Chestnut Tree Dunstan that are well established will enable the plant to have continued vigor, and lead to many more years of supplying beauty to the landscape.
American Chestnut Tree Dunstan are the most common chestnut trees in America. These trees combine the excellent nut quality and tree form with guaranteed blight resistance. There has never been an instance of Dunstan Chestnuts dying from the blight. They have been grown successfully from Maine and New York, Illinois and Wisconsin, Texas and Florida. They are excellent for commercial and backyard orchards, and are the best tree to plant for attracting deer and wildlife.
Chestnuts are a delicious and healthy food! They are high in carbohydrates (40%), and very low in fat (2-3%), while other nuts are over 50% fat. Nutritionally, chestnuts are like a “grain that grows on a tree” and similar to wheat and brown rice. Chestnuts contain 5-10% high quality protein, and no cholesterol. Low fat, high carbohydrate diets are recommended by the American Heart and Cancer Associations.
Chestnuts are excellent roasted or steamed (cut an “X” in the point of the nut so the shell splits easily) for 10-15 minutes. Chestnut dressing with turkey is a holiday tradition. They are wonderful in soups, stews, and with vegetables, or in desserts such as pastries, tortes and ice cream. Chestnut flour adds a rich, sweet flavor in cakes, breads, and pasta. Chestnut puree, blended with butter and whipping cream, can be spiced and used with main dishes, or sweetened with honey and topped with sweet whipped cream for the traditional European dessert, “Mont Blanc.”